The main way is to make sure you use a condom when you have sex and if you inject drugs ensure that you do not share needles or equipment.
If you have had unprotected sex with someone you think may have HIV it may be necessary to be prescribed Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEPSE). It can be prescribed in a sexual health clinic or Accident and Emergency department.
PEPSE is a 28 day course of HIV medication that must be started within 72 hours post exposure, but ideally as soon as possible.
- It works by reducing the risk of transmission.
- It can be prescribed in a sexual health clinic or Accident and Emergency.
- You will initially be given 3-5 days of treatment and you will be followed up in the sexual health clinic.
If you are worried about a risk of HIV in the last 72 hours, please call 0300 421 6500 between 8am and 6pm Monday to Friday to arrange an urgent review with a clinician.
Outside of these times please attend your local Accident Emergency Department.